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5 Most Common Sleep Disorders

5 Most Common Sleep Disorders

 Sleep disorders are conditions that affect the sleep patterns of a person. These disorders create abnormal sleeping habits which can affect your overall health, safety, and quality of life. Some of the symptoms of these conditions generally include prolonged daytime drowsiness, unusual waking times, and falling asleep trouble. In this article, we are going to look at the 5 most common causes of sleep disorders.

 

1) Insomnia 

Insomnia is a disorder in which people have difficulty falling or staying asleep. Acute insomnia, also known as short term insomnia can be triggered by personal circumstances (e.g. When you can't sleep the night before the test, or when you get upsetting news). Chronic insomnia on the other is defined when you have trouble falling or staying asleep for a month and is mostly caused by anxiety, stress, and depression. Studies have shown that cognitive behavior therapy has worked in treating insomnia. 


2) Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a severe respiratory disorder in which you stop breathing for 10 or more seconds while you’re asleep. People with this condition stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep. Symptoms of this condition include loud snoring, waking up with a dry or sore throat, or morning headaches. The best way to treat sleep apnea includes weight loss, drug control, and constant positive airway pressure treatment (CPAP).


3) Restless legs syndrome

Restless leg syndrome is a sleep disorder which gives rise to an irresistible urge to shift or move your legs. It is unclear as to what causes RLS, but it theorizes that it could be caused due to genetics, medication, or pregnancy. Regular exercise, prescribed medication, and avoiding alcohol and caffeine can help manage this condition.


4) Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy has to do with unstable switching between waking and sleeping. People with this condition experience excessive daytime sleepiness. Such sudden sleep attacks may happen during any type of activity at any time of the day. Experts believe that narcolepsy could be caused by genetic factors or abnormal activity in your brain.


5) Sleep bruxism 

Sleep bruxism is a very common condition in which you grind, gnash, or clench your teeth when you’re asleep. This condition may cause permanent damage to the teeth if left untreated. Stress and anxiety are the two main causes of this condition. Muscle relaxants and anti-anxiety medication are some ways to treat this condition.